Lookout Tower at Kraličák

Lookout Tower at Kraličák
Investor:Ski Kraličák
Area:12 m2
Built Up Area:18 m2

Structural stability: Static solution s.r.o. – Ing. Tomáš Fremr, Ph.D.
Project and realization: Taros Nova s.r.o. – Ing. Ondřej Orság

Year-round accessible 35 meters tall lookout tower from larch logs is the center of the ski resort Kraličák.
The lookout tower is a result of several years of collaboration with the local ski resort Kraličák. It is situated at the highest point between Hynčice and Stříbrnice on the hilltop Štvanice 866 m.a.s.l. The supposed center of the resort, on the hill in the forest amongst ski slopes. Around it is a beautiful dramatic vast landscape. The old town, a view of the entire Jeseníky mountains, on the other side, the heavily wooded hillside of Králický Sněžník where the Morava river springs from.
The assignment has been fulfilled, a year-round accessible, 35 meter tall lookout tower, situated at the top station of the chair lift – the center of the resort.
The tower stands here as a confident slim round obelisk. A center-point. A simple structural diagram, a slim, 35m tall vertical secured by cables. While designing, we were searching for economical, rational solutions that would be an answer to the assignment. We try to base the idea on the location. Stone/wood. As a construction material we chose larch logs. It is used in the way it is pretty much present all around. The tree trunks standing vertically, connected together, elevating the viewing platform, protected against wind by safety glass. In the center of the tower hangs a round wooden staircase, like a pendulum, it balances the gusts of wind. 
After 152 steps, you ascend above treetops of the surrounding forest. Above you are only signal red lights and a wind vane. 
Sizing wasn’t easy. This location is tested by strong winds and snow/ice. 
The logs are, after 5m in height, connected by a steel joint to which a stiffening polygon/ triangle is attached. Also in these points, the individual rods are fixated. Horizontal and torsional forces are caught by steel cables fixated into bases located 15m away from the tower. 
Larch itself is well resistant against weather conditions and furtherly a pressure impregnation is used, the wood isn’t in contact with soil moisture and joints are designed as drying, therefore we believe this tower should last at least 30 years.
David Kubík

Used materials and products
- Reinforced concrete foundations – concrete C30/37
- Micro stilts – steel tubes of a 89 mm and 109 mm diameter (steel S355), root diameter 200 mm and 300 mm
- Main poles on tower and platform – wooden larch logs (C24), pressure impregnated, diameter of about 280 mm
- Wooden bearing elements of the staircase, bearing elements of the glass view point – planed larch squared timber (C24)
- Steel elements of the bearing structure of the tower and viewing platform – steel S355 J2, heat galvanized
- Connection materials in the strength class 8.8 (heat galvanization)
- Outer bearing cables – heat galvanized steel cables of 20 mm in diameter CS818 – 1960 MPa, a combination of system and atypical end pieces from steel S355 J2
- Glass panes in aluminum frames, quenched glass
- Viewing platform cladding and flooring – larch boards
- Roofing (except for glass surfaces) – flat top roof with plastic membrane roofing and gravel ballast
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