Prince Felipe Science Museum
Set up by the Regional Government of Valencia, the 'City of Arts and Sciences' has become an international landmark and the symbol of Valencia's ambition to present an image to the world based on cultural tourism and dynamism. Over a 2 km axis along the former course of the River Turia, 5 main sections share their cultural purpose and give people the chance to participate in a futuristic and unique architectural complex, in large open spaces: L'Hemisfèric, the Príncipe Felipe Science Museum, L'Umbracle, L'Oceanogràfic and the Palau de les Arts. This spectacular building covering over 40,000 m2 is designed to allow ordinary people to get closer to science and technology. It resembles a prehistoric-skeleton the longitudinal building, with the repetition of the modular, transversal sections along the whole length of the site, is a spatial tour de force.
Over a 2 km axis along the former course of the River Turia, 5 main sections share their cultural purpose and give people the chance to participate in a futuristic and unique architectural complex, in large open spaces: L'Hemisfèric, the Príncipe Felipe Science Museum, L'Umbracle, L'Oceanogràfic and the Palau de les Arts. The planetarium L’Hermisfèric was the first section opened to the public. It represents a huge human eye that comes alive and opens up to the world: the "Eye of Wisdom". With over 4.5 million spectators, this is the only auditorium in Spain with a concave screen, 24 m in diameter, showing three audiovisual performances: representations of astronomical phenomena in the Planetarium, IMAX giant-screen films and state-of-the-art Omniscam Laser displays at the Laserium. Over the years, L´Hemisfèric has held courses, scientific lectures and exhibitions on astronomy, as well as hosting meetings for organizations involved in giant-screen cinema and planetariums.
Following catastrophic flooding in 1957, the river was diverted in the southern section of the city and the old riverbed, now dry, it created a 10 km long park crossing the city centre. It was here that it was decided to locate the new complex of the City of Arts and Sciences, on flat land on the right bank of the final stretch of what was once the River Turia. L’Umbracle is the entry port to the City of Arts and Sciences. It is shaped by a succession of 55 fixed arches and 54 floating arches of 18 meters high. On them grows climbing plants, which will provide shade along the whole landscaped walk and will give a feeling of a "Winter Garden". Planted with native species, palms, orange trees, rock roses, mastic trees, rosemary, bougainvillea, that change shape and colour with every season, create different ambiences over the course of the walk. Inside the structure is an outdoor art gallery, called the ‘Stroll of the Sculptures’ with nine sculptures from contemporary authors.